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Mission of the Youngstown City Health District

Our mission is to protect and improve the public health of the local community.

Here at the Youngstown City Health District, we are committed to enable all of the citizens of Youngstown and its surrounding areas which we serve, to engage in healthful and preventive behaviors.

We will strive to achieve and sustain optimal levels of physical and environmental health which will be accomplished by our highly motivated staff. Our staff will responsibly maximize our resources to provide ongoing education, and the development and coordination of programs which are sensitive to the people and the needs of the public.


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Zika virus disease (Zika) is a disease caused by the Zika virus, which is spread to people primarily through the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito. The most common symptoms of Zika are fever, rash, joint pain, and conjunctivitis (red eyes). The illness is usually mild with symptoms lasting for several days to a week after being bitten by an infected mosquito. People usually don’t get sick enough to go to the hospital, and they very rarely die of Zika. For this reason, many people might not realize they have been infected. However, Zika virus infection during pregnancy can cause a serious birth defect called Microcephaly, as well as other severe fetal brain defects. Once a person has been infected, he or she is likely to be protected from future infections.

The best way to avoid Zika virus infection and other mosquito-borne diseases is to prevent mosquito bites:

  • When outdoors, wear Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) registered insect repellents.  All EPA registered insect repellents have been evaluated for effectiveness.  Always follow the product label instructions.
  • Unlike many mosquitoes, the Asian tiger mosquitoes are most active during the day and are most common in shade conditions.  Be sure to use insect repellent and wear long sleeves and pants where these mosquitoes are active.
  • Make sure you have good screens on your windows and doors to keep mosquitoes out.
  • Yellow fever mosquitoes and Asian tiger mosquitoes are both container breeding mosquitoes.  They do not breed in ponds, puddles or marshes.  Remove their breeding sites by emptying standing water from flower pots, buckets and barrels.  Change the water in pet dishes, and replace the water in bird baths weekly.  Drill holes in tire swings so water drains out.  Keep children's wading pools empty and on their sides when they aren't being used.

Specific areas where Zika is spreading( are often difficult to determine and are likely to change over time.   If traveling, please visit the CDC Travelers' Health site for the most updated travel information.  



10 Elements of Healthy Communities

What does it take to create and maintain a healthy community? According to the National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), health care systems must perfor ten essential elements in order to create and maintain health communities. 
1. Conducting community diagnosis
2. Preventing and controlling epidemics
3. Providing a safe and healthy environment
4. Measuring performance, effectiveness and outcomes of health services
5. Promoting healthy lifestyles
6. Laboratory testing
7. Providing target outreach and forming partnerships
8. Providing personal health care services
9. Research and innovation
10. Mobilizing the community for action

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Influenza Facts

  • An estimated 90% of seasonal flu-related deaths and more than 60% of seasonal flu-related hospitalizations in the United States each year occur in people 65 years and older.
  • People 65 years and older are at greater risk of serious complications from the flu compared with young, healthy adults so it is recommended that older adults get their flu shot.
  • Pregnant women should get a flu vaccine to protect not only themselves, but their baby, too.
  • Most healthy adults may be able to infect others beginning 1 day before symptoms develop and up to 5 to 7 days after becoming sick.
  • You should be vacccinated if you have the following medical conditios: asthma, neurological or neurodevelopmental conditions, chronic lung disease, heart disease, blood disorders, kidney or liver disorders, diabetes, metabolic disorders, weakened immune systems, or are morbily obese.
  • The single best way to prevent the flu is to get a flu vaccine each season. There are two types of flu vaccines: the flu shot and a nasal spray flu vaccine.
  • The CDC recommends that all children between the ages 6 months and 19 years get a flu vaccine.
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